Postojna has a rich history. Evidence of stone tools have been found in the many caves of the Postojna area, which demonstrate this area was populated already in Paleolithic times.
Due to its geographical position, at the crossroad of the Est and the West, Postojna was part of an important trading and transportation route since the times of the Roman Empire and consequently under constant siege by the many armies passing through the area both in medieval as well as in more modern times (WWI and WWII).
The town owes its name to the white-tailed eagle Haliaeetus albicilla, i.e. postojna, which is an “old Slovenian” word. The white-tailed eagle is a large bird of prey that used to nest on the hill Sovic, which towers the city of Postojna today. The eagle can be still found in the area, especially in the surrounding extensive forests that are rich with wildlife (deer, wolves, foxes, brown bears, wild hogs, different types of bird of prey, etc).
Postojna was mentioned for the first time in historical records dating from 1226, while it was declared borough in 1432. In 1909 Postojna received city rights and in modern Slovenia it is also a municipality.
As the entire Postojna area lies on Karst country, the greatest attraction is certainly the 20 km long system of underground caves better known as the Postojna Caves, and their famous inhabitant, the endemic type of salamander called proteus (Proteus anguinus). During evolution it completely adapted to living under water in the underground cave system by having no eyes and a light pink skin pigmentation, hence also often called “human fish”.
Just 8km from Postojna is the medieval castle Predjama, truly stunning because of the way it was built into the cliffside of a mountain. Nearby are also the beautiful Skocjan Caves (25km), the stud farm Lipica (30km), home of the Lipizzaner horses, and of course the Adriatic coast is only 60 km away, all going West. The capital of Slovenia, Ljubljana, is also not far, some 50 km East of Postojna.
Today Postojna is a small but pleasant modern town with about 9.000 inhabitants, while the municipality of Postojna extends over an area of 270 square kilometers and a population of only 15.000.
Postojna is easily accessible by car (regional roads and motorway) and by bus and train services running to/from Ljubljana, Koper (coast), Rijeka (Croatia) and Trieste (Italy). It has 3 hotels, a number of B&Bs, several restaurants and bars.